What is Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDs)?


hat is AIDS?

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS is a group of symptoms caused by the HIV virus. This is, in fact, the most advanced stage of infection due to HIV. As the syndrome grows, the sensitivity decreases.

The names of HIV and AIDS can be misleading because both words describe the same disease.

However, those who are HIV-positive do not necessarily have AIDS.

An HIV-positive person then becomes AIDS patient when its immune system is extremely weak for various infections and diseases like tuberculosis, candidiasis, meningitis, toxoplasma gondi, PCP (a type of pneumonia), herpes simplex and herpes. And becomes resistant. is. Herpes AIDS patient may also be a victim of cancer, such as Kaposi’s sarcoma, lymphoma and cervical cancer. They are also wasting the syndrome (involuntary weight loss) and memory loss.

However, most people suffering from HIV can stop AIDS immediately after getting infected with the virus (with antiretroviral therapy or ART medications).

How is AIDS?

AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV-positive infection that occurs when your immune system is irreparably damaged and you are known as opportunistic infections. Occasionally the infection is caused by pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungus, or protozoa), and people with weakened immune systems are more often.

AID is transmitted from an infected person to another person through direct contact such as bodily fluid:

Blood (including menstrual blood)

Semen / co / precum / ejaculation

Vaginal discharge

breast milk

The highest amount of virus is found in the blood, followed by semen, vaginal fluid and then breast milk.

AIDS infection occurs:

Any kind of sexual contact involves semen, pre-cum, vaginal fluid or blood.

Contact with infected blood, especially through the transmission of infected injections or through blood transfusion.

During breastfeeding or during breastfeeding or during breastfeeding

The count of CD4 cells in the human body reflects the immune level of the person. In a person with a healthy immune system, CD4 500 and 1,600 cells are counted per cubic meter. When the number of CD4 cells decreases from 200 cu.m. Per cubic millimetre, then the person has AIDS.

Once a person is diagnosed with AIDS, it is always considered to be AIDS patient, even if the CD4 count of that person increases again or they recover from the disease that defines their AIDS diagnosis is.

Who is the threat of AIDS?

Anyone can be infected with any age, race, sex or sexual orientation, but if you have the highest risk of HIV / AIDS:

Making unprotected sex using a condom

There are many sexual partners.

Can be suffering from sexually transmitted infections, which can cause wounds in your genital area through which HIV virus can enter your body.

Share the needle and syringe for intravenous drugs

rude person

What are the causes of AIDS?

Causes of AIDS include:

Creating unprotected sex with an HIV infected partner

Sharing needles of medicine with someone infected with HIV

During breastfeeding or during breastfeeding, during breastfeeding, the mother takes her child from her mother to her breast.

Infected blood transfusion

Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV / AIDS) is conditions due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). After the initial transition, no one can see any symptoms or experience a short period of illness like influenza. Generally, this happens for a long time without any symptoms. This phase is also often associated with unexpected weight loss.

HIV primarily spreads during unborn sex (including anal and oral sex), contaminated blood transition, hypodermic needle and mother during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.  Prevention methods include safe sex, needle exchange programs, which are infected and men cure cough. Disease in a child can often be prevented by giving antiretroviral medicine to both mother and child. There is no cure or vaccine; However, antiretroviral therapy can slow down the course of the disease and cause general life expectancy. As soon as diagnosed, treatment is recommended.

In 2016, about 36.7 million people were living with HIV and as a result, 1 million people died. More than 300,000 new HIV cases emerged in 2016 compared to 2016 in 2016. Most of these sub-Saharan live in Africa. In early 1980, AIDS was identified at the beginning of 2017, due to this disease, 35 million people died worldwide. HIV / AIDS is considered a pandemic – an outbreak of a disease that is present in a large area and is actively spreading. HIV started in West-Central Africa during the late 19th or early 20th century. AIDS was first recognized by the United States Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1981, and for this reason – HIV infection was identified in the early decade of the decade.

HIV / AIDS has had a lot of impact on society, in the form of the disease and as a source of discrimination. There are also big economic effects of this disease. There are many misconceptions about HIV / AIDS because it is believed that it is spread by accidental non-sexual contact. This disease has become subject to many controversies related to religion, in which there is a situation of not supporting the use of condoms as the prevention of the Catholic Church. It has attracted international medicine and political attention since it was recognized in the 1980s.

The initial period after the contraction of HIV is called acute HIV, primary HIV or acute retroviral syndrome. Many people have a disease like influenza-like illness or mononucleosis, which occurs after 2-4 weeks, while others do not have any significant symptoms. Symptoms occur in 40-90% of cases and usually include fever, large tender lymph nodes, swelling in the throat, a rash, headache, fatigue and/or lesions of the mouth and genitals. The grain, which occurs in 20-50% of cases, presents itself on the trunk and is maculopapular, classically. Some people also develop opportunistic infections at this level. There may be gastrointestinal symptoms such as vomiting or diarrhoea. There are neurological symptoms of peripheral neuropathy or Guillen-Barre syndrome. Duration of symptoms varies but usually occurs in one or two weeks.

Because of their redundant character, these symptoms are often not recognized as signs of HIV infection. Even such cases are seen by family practitioners or hospitals, which are often known as one of the most common infectious diseases with incorrect overlapping symptoms. In this way, it is recommended that HIV is considered present in people with unclear fever, which can be risk factors for infection.

What is Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDs)?


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