Biologically, an adult is a human or another organism that has reached sexual maturity. In the human context, adult words refer to social and legal concepts. Contrary to “minor”, a legal adult is a person who has attained the age of majority and therefore it is considered to be free, self-sufficient and responsible. The general age for attaining legal adulthood is 18 years, although legal rights and country definition can vary.
Human adult psychology
Human adult psychology involves adult development. The definitions of adulthood are often incompatible and contradictory; A person may be biologically an adult and behave like an adult, but still, he is considered as a child if he is below the legal age of majority. On the contrary, some may legally be an adult, but no adult can match maturity and responsibility defining the character.
There are incidents in different cultures related to the passage of the child’s age or age. It often involves a series of tests that demonstrate that a person is ready for adulthood, or to reach a specified age, sometimes in combination with the preparation of performance. Most modern societies determine legal adulthood on the basis of access to the legally specified age without the need for physical maturity or adulthood.
Social formation of adulthood
Unlike the biological approach of ageing and adulthood, social scientists consider adulthood to be socially constructed. While ageing is an established biological process, attainment of adulthood is social in its norms. As a social construct, further evidence of adulthood is illustrated by the changing norms of adulthood over time.
Historically, in the US, adulthood rested on completing someone’s education, moving away from the original family, and starting someone’s career. Other major historical norms include entering marriage and becoming a parent. These criteria are social and subjective; They are organized by the social class between gender, race, ethnicity and other major identities. As a result, special populations feel adult during life in comparison to others.
Today’s contemporary experience and research on young adults seems more suitable for subjective norms, which resonates with the experience of young adults in ageing. Criteria are marked by the increasing importance of “idealistic norms and the increasing importance of demographics” as the increasing importance of the idealistic perception of adulthood. Specifically, young criteria for achieving adult centres on three criteria: Responsibility, Independent Decision Making and Financial Freedom.
According to Jewish tradition, adulthood for adult boys and girls reaches the age of 13; They are expected to demonstrate preparation for adulthood by learning Torah and other Jewish practices. There is no age for adulthood or marriage, including sexual activity in Christian Biblical and Jewish scriptures.
The Canon Law Code of 1983 states that “before completing the 16th year of its age and before completing its fourteenth year, a man can not enter a valid marriage.” ” According to the mailman of the disappeared childhood, the Christian Church of the Middle Ages considered the age of accountability when a person could be tried as an adult at two years of age.